VITAMIN "C" DETERMINATION
The test is used to determine ascorbic acid concentration in single strength citrus juices and reconstituted concentrates provided they do not contain ferrous, stannous, cuprous, sulfite or thiosulfate ions.
Methaphosphoric acid pellets HPO3, C.P.
Sodium 2, 6-dichlorobenzenoneindophenol
(Eastman No. 3463) Reagent grade. Store in dessicator.
Ascorbic acid (l-Ascorbic Acid) (Eastman No. 4640)
Keep cool, dry and store out of direct sunlight
Acetic acid, glacial
500 ml glass stoppered bottle, clear
500 ml glass stoppered bottle, amber
500 ml beaker
250 ml beaker
150 ml beaker
50 ml beaker
500 ml volumetric flask
100 ml volumetric flask
125 ml Erlenmeyer flask - 6
50 ml burette
50 ml graduated cylinder
10 ml pipettes - 6
5 ml pipettes - 6
Fluted filter paper
A. Acid solution - Dissolve 10 gms. HPO3 pellets in warm distilled water (60EC) using successive portions until the acid completely dissolve, transferring portions to a 500 ml volumetric flask. Allow to cool to room temperature and add 40 ml glacial acetic acid and sufficient distilled water to make 500 ml. (HPO3 slowly changes to H3PO4, but this solution remains satisfactorily for 7-10 days when storied in refrigerator).
B. Dye solution - 250 mg. of sodium 2,6-dicholrobenenoneindcphenol dissolve in approximately 500 mil warm (60EC) recently boiled distilled water. Cool to room temperature and transfer to brown bottle fitted with a tight stopper to protect from air and light. Store in refrigerator and filter before using. When dye solution fails to give a distinct endpoint with ascorbic acid plus acid solution, discard it.
C. Standard Ascorbic Acid Solution - Weigh accurately a 50 ml beaker and without removing from the balance pan add exactly 100 mg pure ascorbic acid (mp-190-192EC). Add 10 ml acid mixture to beaker and dissolve the ascorbic acid. Transfer the solution to a 100 ml volumetric flask qualitatively, by rinsing the flask with successive portions of distilled water. Make up to volume. The solution is now exactly 1 mg of ascorbic acid per ml of solution. Make up fresh for each standardization. DO NOT STORE.
D. Standardization of Dye Solution - Bring dye solution to room temperature. Transfer 10 ml aliquot of ascorbic acid solution to a 150 ml beaker and add 10 ml of the acid solution. Titrate rapidly the ascorbic acid solution with dye solution from 50 ml burette until light but distinct rose-pink persists at least 5 seconds.
E. Calculation for Dye Titer-
|Dye Titer (or Factor) =||
|10 (mg ascorbic acid used) = mg|
mls Dye Solution used ml
RAPID METHOD OF VITAMIN "C" IN SINGLE STRENGTH ORANGE JUICE
1. Take a 10 ml sample of orange juice and transfer to 125 ml Erlenmeyer flask. Add 10 ml acid solution.
2. Titrate immediately with Standard Dye Solution to first permanent pink endpoint. First endpoint may fade due to absorbed juice in pulp.
Dye Titer X titration X 100
|Mg Ascorbic acid per|
|100 ml juice|
RAPID METHOD OF VITAMIN "C" DETERMINATION IN CONCENTRATED ORANGE JUICE
|Mg. Ascorbic acid per|
|Dye Titer X titration X wt||
|100 gms. concentrate|
A fast and reliable method for standardization of Dye Solution is as follows:
10 ) number ml dye used equals Dye Titer (or Factor).
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